Introduction to Baseball
Baseball is an old play that involves two teams that alternately bat and throw the ball. The game normally goes on until a team on offense takes advantage of a defensive out, or the other team scores more runs in a single at-bat than the other team has batters. The game is played between these teams every season, except for the World Series, when one team plays all the other. In professional baseball leagues such as the American League and the National League, games are played for fourteen days. The home team has the advantage during those days; that is, if they score more runs in a single game, then the other team has to lose that same number of games in order to win the series.
There are several different ways to measure a game’s end, including runs scored, innings pitched, wins and losses, and other statistics. Runs are scored when a player advances from home plate to first base, on to second base, third base, and then back to home plate again without being put “out” by the other team. For example, if a batter hits a ball over the fence in left-center field, then he’s scored a run. Different teams may also score runs when a runner advances from one plate to another, or when a team member advances to second base, third base, and then back to home plate again without being put “out” by the other team.
The meaning of runs and innings can be measured by how many total runners are on offense, while the meaning of outs is decided by how many innings are completed. If a team is leading by three runs with two out in the top of ten innings, the game is considered to be a complete innings game. Once the game gets to this point, runs are scored only when a team has not given up runs on its own side of the plate and only on the winning side of the plate. Outs are scored after the game is over; that is, after the final pitch is thrown, the winner is declared. This is why baseball games often end early: because one team has just scored more runs than the other team has!